n. [Urdu] Qawwali is an Indian Sufi Muslim musical concept expressed in many poetical styles, and based on the classical structure of tala and raga. Qawwali is sung by a group composed of a leader singer assisted by one, two or three of his best students. A choir (composed of the other students) adds strength to the music. The rhythm is underlined by the traditionnal dholak, a two-faced drum and the melodic accompaniment by an harmonium.
A melting-pot of many influences, qawwali is the meeting point of
Islam and Hinduism, making use of the repertoire of the Arab and Coranic qaul, of Persian poetry, of Indo persian ghazal and at last but not least of the Hindu bhajan.